mined minds founderDecember 22, 2020
Sparks from hot shoeing could cause explosions. One of the Beckley teaching assistants, a 33-year-old named Maxx Turner, had already been fired, then rehired after several fruitless months of searching for programming work, he said. Streams Black Diamond Mine, Creekside, Indiana County, Pennsylvania. He would later be told that he was being dismissed for being belligerent one night of the trip, and also of having a drug problem — a charge, he said, easily refuted by years of clean drug tests — including one for Mined Minds. He then had to return the empty tubs to the working places. Horses and ponies were integral workers in coal mines, not only in England and Wales, but in Canada and the United States. They worked in total darkness but knew their way around. To these hardened miners, ponies were just a machine for moving coal. In late June 2017, a big crowd gathered in a classroom at a small college campus in Beckley. This also allowed them to identify any ponies that would not be suitable for the work. Horses and ponies working drift mines had life a little easier. “When working, ponies pulled drams or tubs of coal. As Ms. Laucher shared the news, other students were angry, and suspicious. Apprentices worked full-time on projects for company clients, but were also called upon to teach in the classes they had graduated from months earlier. These mines had horizontal seams of coal at the surface so the animals hauling tubs, or drams, would move in and out of the mine. “Yeah, we helped a town, we actually made some small impact,” she said of Mined Minds’ early efforts. English 6 207 000+ articles. Priest says that while many didn’t think the mines were the right place for horses and ponies, they were glad they were down there with them as the pit ponies were their workmates and they always remembered them with fondness. It was exhausting, filthy work. The under-manager came in and said, ‘Pity about the horse’ – he wasn’t worried about me – ‘Make sure you save the tack.’ The dead horse was lifted up into an empty dram with his legs sticking up in the air and sent up the pit.”, Ceri Thompson writes of an incident told to him by a retired miner in which one horse was severely injured and screaming in pain and fear. As productivity improved and underground haulage needs increased, horses and ponies filled the need. Many miners lamented that management was more concerned with the ponies’ care and safety than with the men since “you could replace a man anytime them days.”. Like miners elsewhere, Alberta coal miners developed a fond relationship with their animals, often bragging about how smart they were, or how strong, or how heroic. Their significance to the workers was profound and reflected in many poignant ways. Welcome to the community! February 10, 2017. “Because they’ve got a mind of their own they’ll try and get their own back otherwise. Two Commercial Diamond Mines. “Progress is difficult,” she said in an email, “with the current atmosphere in Appalachia which is deeply interested in maintaining a ‘culture.’”. Horses also demonstrated that counting ability. MindUP, a signature program of The Goldie Hawn Foundation, is a 15-lesson CASEL SELect Program empowering children through mindful practice based in neuroscience. Many of the deep mine pony bridles were made of leather with metal eye pieces for protection. Larger horses that could not fit on the cage had all four legs bound in straps and were lowered down on a cable under the cage. The only light on the roadways came from the cap lamps the miners wore. Español 1 646 000+ artículos. Mined Minds was founded by Jonathan Graham and Amanda Laucher, successful tech consultants living in Chicago. The counselor said in an email they would receive $10 an hour, with the potential for more as apprentices or when they were hired. Brooke is the only animal welfare charity with a presence at any of these mines. Since a miner’s earnings depended on his productivity, the efficient movement of coal to the surface for processing was essential; empty boxes had to be ready when he was ready to load the coal, and coal had to be delivered to the pit-bottom with a minimum delay and loss.”. Pit Ponies and Horses. A horse was killed in his colliery. As of 2018, South Africa was the seventh largest producer and consumer of coal in the world. But Stephanie Frame was still a believer. Miners spoke of horses scraping the tops of their heads on the ceiling so that flesh would be hanging and bone exposed. Patch even went on to become a bit of a celebrity, appearing in the pageant commemorating Queen Elizabeth’s Golden Jubilee in 2002. In Pennsylvania, some of the oldest mines used oxen, then mules, to pull the coal cars in and out of the mines. The driver’s role was critical to efficient mining. He was fired after 14 months and went back underground. The detonator was pushed into the horse’s ear and fired, killing the horse instantly. A stableman was in charge of the underground stalls and it was his responsibility to make sure there was a good supply of feed and water for the animals. “Ponies often stopped in their tracks, refusing to move. “Every day they would pull their drams out of the pit and, after they had been disconnected, they would turn and go back into the mine. We had to have the vet there and the Mines Inspectorate. Timber, coal, oil and gas, “it repeats itself,” he said. “I didn’t want to be stuck in Gauley Bridge, W.Va., my whole life working at Family Dollar,” said Tori, 23. One of our guides at the Museum, who was a horse keeper in the mines, can remember one miner’s wife making carrot cake - a rather large one – to cut up for the pit ponies at Christmas.”. “It was often the second job adolescent boys had underground, considered a learning experience that exposed young miners-to-be to the different environments of the mine. Priest says that many miners formed strong bonds with their ponies. Money woes did not make sense, given what they saw of the founders’ lifestyle: the travels worldwide, the views from an office in Chicago’s Trump Tower, the ever-replenishing tequila bottles at the West Virginia headquarters, the boozy house parties in Pennsylvania. “He was a great pony to drive. One, usually described as the program’s clear success, found a programming job in South Carolina. Horses hauling loaded coal wagons to the surface at Drumheller’s Newcastle Mine in the 1920s. In 1856 he was called by Brigham Young to open up the mines near Las Vegas. In mid-April of this year, Ms. Laucher reprimanded five employees for not making enough networking connections on LinkedIn, for neglecting to read a book she had assigned, “The Start-Up of You,” and for not submitting their résumés to her for help. Almost none of those who signed up for Mined Minds are working in programming now. In 1876, the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) campaigned for the protection of pit ponies and urged the government to consider the suffering of the animals hidden from view, deep underground in coal mines. Still going.”. She sent a formal resignation letter, citing broken promises and a “party culture” that turned her off. The underground stables showing ponies with manes clipped off, and the harness hanging including a protective bridle. Others viewed Mined Minds the same way. Photo: City of Edmonton Archives. He would get a mint or spangle [a boiled candy] just before we set off on our way. Other cofounders were Mark Harding, Ian Crossland, and Jack Ottman. Two of them, Carl and Sparky, came to us at the Museum to live out their retirement. She had gotten very drunk, she said, but no one on the trip had mentioned anything like “extreme sexual harassment.” Mr. Moore said he had seen nothing like the harassment Ms. Laucher described, and that in any case, everyone had been drunk. One mine might have as many as 80 ponies that were capable of pulling five fully-loaded coal cars. Thanks also to Imogen Holmes-Roe, Curator of Art and Photography, National Coal Mining for England, for sourcing historic photographs. De Beers is the largest diamond mining company in the world with mining operations in 28 countries. Miners relied on their cap lamps and gas lamps as they worked. This chap lost his temper with a horse and shouted, ‘Get out you devil!’ And the horse ran, didn’t it? She doesn’t know the motives of the people at Mined Minds, she said, whether they had bad intentions or were just “incredibly sloppy” with good ones. Taller horses would become injured by scraping their heads or backs on the low-ceilinged roadways. An 1867 illustration of the apparatus used to lower a horse into a coal mine. “It’s like a never-ending cycle.”. Ponies could actually count! It was hard, dirty, hazardous work that came with the constant danger of injury or death from falling objects, equipment failures, and roof collapse, as well as occupational health hazards including black lung disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), hypertension, and cancer. By Amanda Laucher. Activity Of all the webinars and panels and talks I participated in this year, this was the most fun. “I wanted something different.”. “It’s not your life you’re messing with.”. Ponies saved the lives of many miners this way.”, A group of coal miners with their horses used to pull coal carts at Hillcrest, Alberta, in 1920. More from PBS NewsHour on Mined Minds! By 1871, several miles of underground railway were in place on the east coast. Then there were those who were downright cruel. in Social … They too, came to the Museum to retire. The human race has long had a love affair with coal. Photos courtesy of The National Coal Mining Museum for England. Thick coal seams meant high [ceiling] roadways. The next day, all five were fired. Mined Minds came into West Virginia espousing a certain dogma, fostered in the world of start-ups and TED Talks. A nonprofit called Mined Minds, promising to teach West Virginians how to write computer code and then get them well-paying jobs, was looking for recruits. They described Mined Minds as an erratic operation, where guarantees suddenly evaporated and firings seemed inevitable, leaving people to start over again at the bottom rungs of the wage jobs they had left behind. Some were told this in an email by a state jobs counselor, others said they were told by Ms. Laucher. The pony would not move until the fourth was taken off.”, She recalls how the ponies saved lives. “The first records of ponies being worked in mines was in the north of England around 1750,” says Wendy Priest, Horse Keeper Supervisor at The National Coal Mining Museum for England. Feed had to be brought in and all feeding requirements had to be met day and night. I had hold of the harness and was trying to pull the stop wire to stop the haulage engine because it was pulling a journey [train] of drams up the heading towards us. An 1879 artist’s depiction of a stable inside a mine. But there was a little side road just off the heading we were working in where there was a tub and some horse feed and the horse was in there hiding in the dark. Miners who looked after ponies underground were known as Horse Keepers. Tori’s parents told her to just finish the class, but she couldn’t. In late February, she and Mr. Cook packed their belongings in a trailer and left West Virginia. Located in South Africa, the Witwatersrand Basin represents the richest gold field ever discovered. Priest says that, understandably, ponies going underground for the first time would have found their new life very alien. By Margaret Evans. He retired in 1999 from Pant-y-Gaseg Mine which, in translation, means “Horse’s Hollow.” Photo courtesy Big Pit National Coal Museum, Blaenafon, Wales. Mined Minds has continued operating, holding new classes in Logan, another hard-luck coal town in West Virginia. Photo courtesy Big Pit National Coal Museum, Blaenafon, Wales. Early on, Ms. Laucher had suggested the project would be something for the community, maybe a gaming app addressing the opioid epidemic. But in 2015, she learned that her younger brother, Marvin, had been laid off from a mine back in the coalfields of southwest Pennsylvania where she grew up. Priest says that a pit pony’s first set of shoes would have been fitted above ground before its descent into the mine. The Senghenydd explosion was the worst coal mining disaster in British history. He sent someone to look for the horse and he ran around like a fool trying to find him. The group was premised on the notion, as one grant proposal read, that “anyone can have a successful career in the technology industry,” and that if enough people did, the whole area would be transformed. Miners often took two packs of lunch or ‘snap,’ one for the pony and one for himself. Now They Say It Was a Fraud. I used to give him a nice brush down before we left the stable before I fitted his collar and mobs. Applications Reopened for Alberta Equine Partners for the Herd, Dressage Superstar Totalis Dies at Age 20, Developmental Orthopedic Disease in Foals, Winter Watering Options for Your Horse Farm, Dr Judith Koenig, Equine Guelph on Properly Diagnosing Cervical Facet Disease, Man o'War Named Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame 2020, Journey Through the Digestive Tract, Part 1. There was never much of a syllabus; students would be given an assignment and spend the next few days trying to figure it out, mostly by themselves. There were widespread reports of abuse, injuries, and sickness. I was told to run and get a shot firing battery, a length of shot wire, and a detonator. But the revival never came. Over the next year, she worked her way up to become manager, a promotion that, Ms. Laucher said in a recent deposition for the lawsuit, was evidence of “the logic and problem solving skills that came with Mined Minds training.”. “I thought by going out drinking with them I’d put myself in a better position,” said Michael Moore, 35, the other teaching assistant in Beckley, who dropped out of community college to take the program. Harry Caudill’s 1983 book on the history of Kentucky exploitation by steel and mining companies, published by the University of Illinois Press. Rather than being hitched to coal cars, the donkeys carry heavy sacks of coal out through narrow tunnels. Welsh mines commonly used larger Welsh cobs, around 15 hands.”. Out of the 10 or so people who made it to the final weeks of Ms. Frame’s class in Beckley, only one formally graduated. She had every reason to believe. The material used was often rubber conveyor belting held together with rivets. In England and Wales some of the pit ponies came to the surface for an annual two-week pit holiday. Photo: Library and Archives Canada/PA-1, And those ponies were smart. Joe Manchin III, her Democratic senator, had invited the group to come into the state. They spent their lives underground and it was not until the early 1960s when the last of the Cape Breton pit ponies retired. “I didn’t want to be stuck in Gauley Bridge, W.Va., my whole life working at Family Dollar,” said Tori Frame, 23. De Beers was founded in 1888 with the merger between South African companies owned by Cecil Rhodes and Barney Barnato. We extend a very special thank-you to Wendy Priest, Horse Keeper Supervisor at The National Coal Mining Museum for England, for the information and photos she provided about pit ponies in coal mines in England. “They were just making excuses to get rid of people,” she said. This made cleaning them after a shift simple. “The last deep mine ponies came out of Ellington Colliery in 1994. Nights and weekends they spent in the glow of their laptops — bought from a website on credit — learning the rudiments of Ruby, the programming language. We had a new fireman [colliery official] who was a nasty bugger. Several former Mined Minds staff members described company gatherings the same way: Their bosses ordering seemingly endless shots, hectoring the more timid drinkers. “Some would have had training, some would not. In a video conference, Ms. Laucher told the class that Stephanie had been dismissed because of “extreme sexual harassment, lots of drunkenness, basically behaving in a way that we wouldn’t condone at Mined Minds.”. We’ll be only a tiny force working toward change in the area I grew up.”. John Carrington (right) was a horse keeper down the mines. “Even in the moment I’m hearing this I’m thinking, ‘O.K., this isn’t adding up,’” Mr. Phelps said. Wendy Priest of The National Coal Mining Museum for England, introduces the museum’s horses to Princess Anne when she came to open their new underground education classrooms and extended tour section. Two people who had gone on the trip — Stephanie Frame and Mr. Moore, their teaching assistant — had been kicked out of the program. They were clever horses, they were unbelievable.”. Photo: National Film Board of Canada/Library & Archives Canada/PS-116676. Amanda Laucher, one of the founders of Mined Minds, spoke at a tech conference in 2017 of the group’s ambitions, which were swiftly expanding. A drift mine owned and operated by the City of Lethbridge in 1909. Our Founder Carynne Williams earned a Master of Social Work degree in 2010 from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. After working for a few months, apprentices would either go on to salaried jobs at the Mined Minds company, or to a big tech firm such as Oracle. When ponies began their mining life, some mines invested in a short training course so that the animals could get used to wearing harness and pulling carts on rails. Carl, one of the last pit ponies to come out of a British mine, came to the surface in 1994. Clipping minimized sweating, which allowed them to cool down more efficiently. But they wouldn’t pull a fourth. Co-Founder & CTO Geigr.io This would be an audacious goal even in the best of circumstances. It was a sad time when I had to give him up when I went coal face training.”. They would be brought up on the cage with sacks over their eyes to shield them from the sudden light. “Driving a horse through the intricate tunnels underground required both finesse and strength,” wrote Muise and McIntosh in their report. Old age sometimes caused blindness. Unease began to settle in among some of the students. An 1879 illustration of the descent of a horse down a mine shaft. But Mined Minds was operating with a limited amount of personal cash and public funding, and was mostly staffed by people who had spent little time in tech. In Wales, there were a number of privately owned drift mines that continued to use horses and ponies as this was a cheaper means of getting coal out compared with the cost of mechanized haulage. A pit pony and miner in a mine at New Aberdeen, NS, in August 1946. Photos courtesy of The National Coal Mining Museum for England, “We had a horse that used to play up [be disobedient],” Reg Griffiths of Big Pit Colliery told Thompson. Fear and panic must have been commonplace. On Vancouver Island, coal was systematically mined from the mid-1800s onward. Often, the tack used at mines was made of whatever resources were at hand. Since 1911, canaries were used in mines to detect possible carbon monoxide. “I’ve seen men wallop the horses with pieces of timber, but if you’re going to work with horses you might as well be nice to them,” Goodwin says. Phil Budding worked in a small mine and he told Ceri Thompson of the savvy nature of horses. Nearly all of the other students, infuriated by the whole thing, followed. (Ms. Laucher has denied making any such promise.). He ran smack into the journey and was killed. “There were some ponies that actually got on the conveyer belt with the miners and had a ‘ride’ back to the stables.”. Understandably, they loved it and would gallop around the field kicking and bucking. Injuries were many, such as falling, scraping their heads or backs on the low roadways, being slammed into air doors when braking systems in the wheels of their drams [carts] failed, and falling rocks and roof falls. The word most generally used for diamond in Sanskrit is transliterated as "vajra," "thunderbolt," and "indrayudha," "Indra's weapon." The head frame of the Tau Tona Mine is the lone entrance to over 500 miles of tunnels. Dense jungles and horrible economic conditions have made mining efforts extremely challenging. Some animals never saw the light of day. The mules were smart, hard-working, and they could pull at least three full mine cars of coal. Harry M. Caudill (1922-1990) was a writer and political activist who fought for Appalachia and his native Kentucky homeland. ... but few people know her dark history—or the … It is a global brand and is a company that has received a large amount of criticism over the years for their attempts to control the diamond industry. While Stephanie and others were in Lithuania, the rest of the class was debating whether to stick it out to graduation. Two locations in the United States have been worked as commercial diamond mines. 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